Sore throat -

Thứ Hai, ngày 11/07/2022 - 22:40
Sore throat -

Below is an article on the topic Sore throat - compiled by the editors of Gootoplist - a general information page about useful tips for life

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Sore throats are common and not usually serious. Most people will have at least 2 or 3 every year. Children and teenagers are more likely to get sore throats than adults.

Most sore throats will clear after a few days without the need for medical treatment. After a week, almost 9 in 10 people will be well again.

Sore throats are common and not usually serious.

They are usually a symptom of a viral infection. Most sore throats are caused by a virus so antibiotics won't help.

Symptoms include:

You may also have a runny or blocked nose, sneezing, fever and a tickly cough. Sometimes your voice may get hoarse.

A sore throat can be a symptom of COVID-19.

Get advice about symptoms of COVID-19 and what to do

Most sore throats are caused by a virus. Viruses cause tonsillitis and laryngitis. 

Sometimes sore throats they can be caused by bacteria (strep throat). With bacterial infections, you will usually feel sicker and take longer to get better. Your immune system may clear the strep throat or you may need an antibiotic.

About 8 out of every 10 sore throats will get better without antibiotics.

Over-the-counter painkillers can usually relieve the symptoms of a sore throat.

For babies and children, encourage them to drink water, juice or milk. Breastfeeding or bottle-feeding your baby will help ease their sore throat and will help keep them hydrated.

For younger children, an ice cube or a frozen juice cube can be soothing to suck on. It can also help to keep them hydrated.

Talk to your pharmacist to get advice about pain relief for your child's sore throat.

Try to avoid hot food and hot drinks as this could irritate your throat. Eat cool, soft food and drink cool or warm (not hot) liquids.

To help relieve the pain and discomfort of a sore throat, it can help to use:

You can buy these from a supermarket or from a pharmacist without a prescription.

GPs do not usually prescribe antibiotics for sore throats. This is because antibiotics will not usually relieve pain or help your symptoms. They won't speed up your recovery either.

Your GP will only prescribe them if they think you have a bacterial infection.

Usually, you do not need to contact a GP or attend the emergency department, if you have a sore throat.

A severe or long-lasting sore throat could be something like strep throat (a bacterial throat infection) or tonsillitis.

If you still have a sore throat after 2 weeks, it’s best to get it checked.

Do not go to work or send your child to school or creche with an infection. You can go back to work, school or creche when your symptoms have been gone for 48 hours.

Content supplied by the NHS and adapted for Ireland by the HSE

Page last reviewed: 13 June 2019
Next review due: 13 June 2022

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